103: Cortés Strikes Off the Hands of Fifty Spies . Wie sich diese Allianz entwickelte und wie ihre Unterstützung entscheidend für den Erfolg von Cortes war. Cortes and the Tlaxcalans returned to Tenochtitlan in December of 1520. After many battles, including street-by-street fighting in Tenochtitlan itself, the Aztec Empire fell in August 1521. With these warriors in tow, Cortés marched on the important Aztec city of Cholula in October… Read More They first settled near Texcoco in the valley of Mexico, between the settlement of Cohuatlinchan and the shore of Lake Texcoco. Von Zautla aus schickte Cortes vier Cempoalan-Gesandte nach Tlaxcala, um über ein mögliches Bündnis zu sprechen, und zog in die Stadt Ixtaquimaxtitlan. How this alliance developed and how their support was crucial to Cortes' success. Nachdem Cortes einige Tage lang nicht nur mit den Ältesten von Tlaxcala, sondern auch mit Kaiser Montezuma Nachrichten hin und her geschickt hatte, beschloss er, nach Tlaxcala zu gehen. In Zocotlán, they saw a temple with racks for human skulls; then in Tlaxcalans, Cortés tried to negotiate with them but they did not trust the Spaniards, so they attacked. After many battles, including street-by-street fighting in Tenochtitlan itself, the Aztec Empire fell in August 1521. Tlaxcala Tlaxcala, city (1990 pop. This picture is about the interactions between Tlaxcalans and Cortes. Cortés allies the Tlaxcalans Leaving a portion of his force as a settlement, Cortés left for Mexico on August 16, 1519. Dreihundert Tlaxcalan-Mädchen wurden den Konquistadoren übergeben, darunter einige von adeliger Geburt für die Offiziere. Cortés stayed in the city of Tlaxcala for 20 days and forged an alliance with the Tlaxcalans to bring down Tenochtitlan. Der Konquistador Hernan Cortes und seine spanischen Truppen haben das Aztekenreich nicht alleine erobert. This stigma persists today, albeit in a weakened form. By 1519, Tlaxcallan was the only polity left standing: they were completely surrounded by the Aztecs and saw the Spanish as allies with superior weapons (cannons, harquebuses, crossbows, and horsemen). Cortes and his men would remain in Tlaxcala for 20 days. But by the time the Tlaxcalan leadership began to have second thoughts about their alliance, it was too late: two years of constant warring had left them far too weak to defeat the Spanish, something they had not accomplished even when at their full might in 1519. Tlaxcaltec â allies accompany Hernán Cortés during the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire, 1519, from the History of Tlaxcala. J.M.J. Nearby is a famous Mexican shrine, the Santuario y Colegiata de Ocotlán. Thousands of fierce Tlaxcalan warriors would fight alongside the conquistadors for the duration of the conquest. They gave the Spanish food, supplies and 20 women, including an interpreter who was named Malintzin. Von etwa 1420 bis 1519 beherrschte die mächtige Mexica-Kultur den größten Teil Zentralmexikos. In Tlaxcala, Cortés gained great power over the council and began to form a huge new army to attack Tenochtitlán once again. Zur Belohnung erhielten sie vom spanischen König die Zusicherung weitgehender Selbstverwaltung und territoria-ler Integrität (Gibson 1967: 80). He ordered them to gather all their men and stay in the field, and they did so, and only the Cempoalans stayed with us. Cortes and the Tlaxcalans returned to Tenochtitlan in December of 1520. Schließlich sahen die Tlaxcalaner, dass die Spanier eine größere Bedrohung darstellten als die Mexica (und das schon die ganze Zeit). In Cholula, the Tlaxcalans warned Cortes of a possible ambush: they participated in the ensuing Cholula Massacre, capturing many Cholulans and bringing them back to Tlaxcala where they were to be either enslaved or sacrificed. 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