Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. There are no equipment rentals and concessions available. Finally, in 1903, the U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort. North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent future attacks and began efforts to construct forts. For more information on Fort Macon State Park is the most visited park in the state, with over one million visitors passing through here each year. Beaufort was captured and pillaged by the Spanish (1747), and captured by the English (1782), (see article: Blackbeard’s visit to Beaufort Inlet). History of Fort Macon and coastal defense In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. Reconstruction was ending and Government troops were being removed from the South. On the beach were four 155 mm seacoast guns, later replaced by 2 6-inch navy guns, mounted on concrete platforms. It was named in honor of Nathaniel Macon (1758-1837), a U.S. congressman, senator, and leading Republican statesman of North Carolina. The fort “sink” was located at the head of the marsh for the big business. Droppings were carried away by the tide. After World War II, the fort again became a state park. A system of stone jetties was constructed in the 1840s to control erosion. Bathroom facilities were outside the fort. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Cost of construction was $463,790. From this time until 1861, it was intermittently occupied by troops, engineer detachments making repairs and improvements, or ordnance sergeants acting as caretakers. Walk-up camping are available only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads. Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. Fort Macon was a part of this system. Other forts on the coast (Sumter, Pulaski, Jackson, Jefferson, Morgan, Monroe, etc.) Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. Vol. General Simon Bernard was its architect. (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). Fort Macon State Park. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. Most trails, restrooms, playgrounds, and several boat ramps are open. Finally, in 1924, the state acquired it from the Federal Government with the intentions of making it into a state park. (North Carolina was one of three states requiring this arrangement.). A Brief History of Fort Macon and Cape Lookout Military Reservation (1834 - 1903, 1941 - 1945) Earlier forts were located here, including: Fort Dobbs (1756), which was never completed, and Fort Hampton (1809). Indoor facilities are currently not available for reservation. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. CCSS.Literacy.RI.4.7 - Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively. All students are encouraged to wear closed-toe shoes for walking. The battle reports of U.S. The trail runs for a 3.3 mile loop through wooded forest, boardwalks through salt marsh, and peaceful natural beaches. On April 25, 1862, the Federal batteries opened fire on the fort. Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. Fort Macon: A History Paul Branch This is a story of Fort Macon, one of America’s most visited forts, describing the many dramatic parts it has played in our history. Paul Branch, a ranger/historian at Fort Macon has illustrated his book with original engineering … Fort Macon State Park. Three demands to surrender were refused by the fort. *Note: Works well combined with Civil War Musket Firing program. He was 27 years old, ranked number two in the West Point Class of 1858, and suffered from severe epilepsy. At the outbreak of World War II, the U.S.Army leased the park from the state and actively manned the fort with Coast Artillery troops once again to protect a number of important nearby facilities. Early in 1862, Union forces commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside swept through eastern North Carolina, and part of Burnside’s command under Brig. XXVII (April, 1950), pages 163-77. Thank you for following these guidelines and helping us keep you, your fellow visitors and our staff safe as we open facilities at our parks. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. Col. Moses J. Five-sided Fort Macon is constructed of brick and stone. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, receiving more than a million visitors a year. For campgrounds with 24-hour access, please observe the Night-Time Public Closure Period guidelines and do not leave the campground between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. The water was tidal. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. The fort was garrisoned in 1834 and named after U.S. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. In 1756 construction began there on a small fascine fort known as Fort Dobbs. Fort Macon was part of a massive coastal defense program launched by President James Monroe to protect the coast without having to maintain a large navy. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. The Union army held Fort Macon for the remainder of the war, while Beaufort Harbor served as an important coaling and repair station for the Union navy. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. The wall of the covertway (counterscarp wall) is 12 to 15 feet high. Its guns protected the harbor through the War of 1812, but it was afterward abandoned. North Carolina Confederate forces occupied the fort for a year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons. A portion of one of his brigades, commanded by Brig. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Indeed, Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747, and again by the British in 1782. For about 11 years during this era, since there were no state or federal penitentiaries in the military district of North and South Carolina, Fort Macon was used as a civil and military prison, until 1876. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. 649 were here. Fort has outer line of defense (covertway) and an inner citadel. Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. White and 400 North Carolina Confederates in the fort refused to surrender even though the fort was hopelessly surrounded. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Being For the Most Part Contributions by Union and Confederate Officers, 4 Volumes, (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1956). U.S. Navy Department, The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of Rebellion, 30 Volumes (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1894-1927). Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Because there was a seepage problem with salt water, the water was never used for drinking. Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. These men were both Northerners, so the local newspapers thought it humorous that two more “Yankees” had been gotten by a Confederate cannon ball some 80 years after the battle. Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. This battle was the second time in history that rifled cannons had been used against a fort and demonstrated the obsolescence of fortifications such as Fort Macon as a way of defense. 4.H.2.SS - Understand how notable structures, symbols and place names are significant to North Carolina. After noon, every shot fired at the fort struck it or exploded over it. Richard A. Sauers, A Succession of Honorable Victories, The Burnside Expedition in North Carolina, (Dayton: Morningside House, Inc., 1996), Pages 308-340. A number of allied ships and one German submarine were sunk just off the coast from the fort. Two American soldiers were injured in Casemate 2 when a cannon shot they had placed in the fireplace as an andiron exploded from the heat of the fire. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. The ceilings are arched to give added strength and dissipate concussion from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in battle. Seven Confederates were killed, eighteen wounded. History Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. Five sewers or drains carried water to a central drain in the center of the parade ground. While the fort easily repulsed the Union gunboat attack, the Union land batteries, utilizing new rifled cannons, hit the fort 560 times. The ditch was defended by four “Counterfire” rooms in the covertway which swept all avenues with rifle fire and small cannon firing anti-personnel ammunition. Larger outdoor facilities with a maximum capacity of more than 50 people are also not available for reservation. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. 1615 Mail Service Center Fort Macon was designed by Brig. It was sometimes filled with water which came up from the sound though a canal and passed under the outer wall by means of a culvert. One Federal killed, three wounded. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. 7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions. The fort was constructed as part of a chain of forts which were built along the eastern seaboard between 1817-1865. By 4:30 p.m., two of the fort’s powder magazines were in danger of being hit and exploded by Federal shells. As a part of this defense, a small masonry fort named Fort Hampton, after a North Carolina Revolutionary War hero, was built to guard Beaufort Inlet during 1808-09. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. A history of the fort. Only one man, ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was in the fort at the time. weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. Weather appropriate clothing. Radio and communications rooms, map-plotting rooms, and so forth were housed in the fort. Four vessels of the Federal blockading fleet joined in from the ocean, but the fort’s guns quickly drove them off. Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, who procured the funds to build the fort. The purpose of Fort Macon was to guard Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, the only major deep water ocean port in North Carolina. Atlantic Beach, NC 28512 The state quickly garrisoned the fort with more companies, making in all about 900 men. For the 12 years after the war, Federal soldiers continued to occupy the fort. For specific details about each park, please visit the park website page. Paul R. Branch Jr. has served as a park ranger and historian at Fort Macon State Park for more than 30 years. Fort is of pentagon shape. During 1934-1935 the Civilian Conservation Corps restored the fort and established public recreational facilities which enabled Fort Macon State Park to officially open May 1, 1936, as North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Walls of Fort Macon Credits. Fort Macon: Not boring history - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Two ships suffered damage. Gen. John G. Parke was sent to capture Fort Macon. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The fort had no mortars of its own and was unable to do much damage to the Federals in return. Brig. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. The Confederates responded with at least 21 of their 54 guns which could bear on the Federal positions. Fort Macon is waiting for you! U.S. War Department, War of Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 Volumes in 128 Parts (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901). Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Campgrounds remain open under the order. Fort Macon State Park is the second most visited state park in North Carolina, with an annual visitation of 1.3 million, despite being the third smallest park in North Carolina with 389 acres (1.57 km 2). The fort was seized April 14, 1861, by a company of local troops acting without state orders. For detailed information about the history of Fort Macon, visit the Friends of Fort Macon Website at www After several skirmishes with Confederate soldiers, Parke’s men succeeded in entrenching as close as 1400 yards from the fort, while three batteries of siege guns (two batteries of mortars and one of 30-pounder Parrott Rifle guns) were established 1280 to 1680 yards from the fort. Construction began in 1826 and lasted eight years. In 1876 the prisoners were transferred elsewhere and by April of 1877 all the garrison troops at the fort were withdrawn. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. The stairways provided added protection against shellfire. The danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote now, but during the 18th and 19th centuries the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. The fort was virtually abandoned except for caretakers until 1898 when, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, it was occupied by a portion of the Third North Carolina Volunteers, an all-Black regiment commanded by Colonel James Young, also an African American. On April 25, 1862, Parke’s Union forces bombarded the fort with heavy siege guns for 11 hours, aided by the fire of four Union navy gunboats in the ocean offshore and by floating batteries in the sound to the east. Named in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a United States congressman and senator and a leading early-republic statesman of North Carolina, Fort Macon was built after the War of 1812 to defend America and North Carolina from The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. Volume VII, pages 277-83. Visitor centers and park offices are open, and masks or face coverings are required to enter. The actual battle reports of the commanders involved in the Siege of Fort Macon are reprinted here. Picnic shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are open. Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. The purpose was to prevent enemy soldiers from overrunning the ditch and moat to penetrate into the main part of the fort. A total of 54 guns were mounted for its defense (consisting of 10- and 8-inch Columbiads, also rifled and smoothbore 32- and 24-pounders). At that time the Civilian Conservation Corps, one of the government work programs spawned by the Great Depression, began to work on the fort to counteract the years of neglect and make it presentable to the public. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. COVID-19 information for parks under Modified Stay at Home Order, Maintain a social distance of 6 feet, regardless of the behavior of others, Bring a mask or face covering; they are required to be worn inside buildings and when social distancing cannot be implemented, Share the trail — warn other trail users of your presence, step to the side or wait at the end of a bridge, Do not enter restrooms until others have cleared out and please be patient when staff is cleaning them, Wash or sanitize your hands before, during, and after your visit, Do not share equipment like phones or cameras with other visitors, If the park seems crowded when you arrive, come back another time, Stay at home if you are exhibiting symptoms. Hospital, stables, storage buildings and quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort. Walter Clark (ed. There is plenty of history to learn about and sights to see while you visit with us here at Fort Macon State Park. Fort Macon has a rich history as a Civil War site, but its story also features an ambitious doctor named Elliott Coues, whose interest in the natural surroundings helped focus attention on environmental science in and Fort Hawkins, birthplace of Macon, GA. Archaeology, Car shows,We are extremely proud of the new Macon - Bibb County Seal and we would like to thank Mayor Robert A.B. ), The Histories of Several Regiments and Battalions From North Carolina in the Great War; Written by Members of the Respective Commands, 5 Volumes (Raleigh and Goldsboro: Nash Brothers, 1901). Please check the park pages for more information about camping procedures. White, of Mississippi. Shore erosion and a hurricane in 1825 were responsible for sweeping Fort Hampton into Beaufort Inlet by 1825. Fort Macon guarded Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina’s only major deep-water ocean port. There were 40 men living in each room. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. "Lifesavers of the Crystal Coast" DESCRIPTION Station Fort Macon's primary goals are to serve the Crystal Coast's boating public, while performing the United States Coast Guard's 11 primary missions. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. Fort Macon in Carteret County, North Carolina was one of a series of forts originally built to protect the state’s main deep ocean port, known as the Beaufort Inlet. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The fort was first garrisoned in December, 1834, although no guns were given for its defense until a year afterward. Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. 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