The city of Aleppo has had many names. By the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. These include Aram Soba and Halab. . Winner of the 2014 Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature A thousand years ago, the most perfect copy of the Hebrew Bible was written. Absolutely riveting!”, —Oren Harman Where Did The “Yehovah” Pronunciation Come From? Answer: The Aleppo Codex is an ancient, bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible, written by scribes called Masoretes in Tiberias, Israel, around AD 930. Bibliography: Yosef ‘Ofer, “The Aleppo Codex in the Light of the Notes made by M. D. Cassuto,” Sefunot 68, 4 (19), 1989, pp. Stolen by Crusaders from a Jerusalem synagogue, the codex made its way to Egypt, was used by the great 12th-century scholar Maimonides and later brought to Aleppo, Syria, by a descendant of Maimonides. The Syrian Jews of Brooklyn say special prayers, and rabbis and political leaders in New York hold rally in support of on behalf of Jews in Syria. The Masoretes were Jewish rabbis who made it their special work to correct the faults that had crept into the text of the Old Testament during the Babylonian captivity and to prevent any future alterations. Jewish bank accounts are seized in Syria, property is frozen, and a synagogue is bombed. Cancel your appointments, bury your cell phone — you won’t want to be interrupted – and read this book.”, —Gershom Gorenberg In the process, he’s become the latest in the long line of the Crown’s protectors.”, “Friedman gives a masterful account of a major religious document . He then researched for two more years and published his book “The Mystery of the Aleppo Codex: In Pursuit of One of the World’s … The Dayans, leaders of the Aleppan community of Mustabarim, migrated to Aleppo by the fifteenth century. Jews can leave Syria after the payment of a ransom, and begin escaping to Turkey with the help of Israeli agents. Maimonides wrote about the Aleppo Codex in his authoritative Halakhic work, the Mishneh Torah (the Laws of the Torah Scroll, ch. King David gives Yoab ben Seruya the city of Aram Soba (Aleppo) as a present after their successful conquest of the city. The Aleppo Codex (Hebrew: כֶּתֶר אֲרָם צוֹבָא ‎ Keter Aram Tzova or Crown of Aleppo) is a medieval bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.The codex was written in the city of Tiberias in the 10th century C.E. Winner of the American Library Association’s 2013 Sophie Brody Medal, Winner of the 2013 Canadian Jewish Book Award for history, One of Booklist’s top ten religion books of the year, 2013, Finalist, Religion Newswriters Association award for best religion book of 2013. [he] delivers an atmospheric, tense story about the destruction of a sacred relic, raising inevitable questions about who owns a people’s historical treasures.”, “Sharply etched . In order to understand the origin of this decay these margins have been analysed by applying EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate plastic embedded with strong cation and anion exchangers and mixed with C 8 and C 18 hydrophobic resins) diskettes for harvesting surface material. Syria and Lebanon fall under French mandate. The Aleppo Codex (Hebrew: כֶּתֶר אֲרָם צוֹבָא, IPA|kɛθɛɾ ʔăɾɔm sˁovɔʔ, Keter Aram Tsova) is a manuscript of the Hebrew Bible according to the Tiberian masorah , produced and edited by the influential masorete Aaron ben Asher in the 10th Century… Egypt expels 20,000 Jews with 7 days notice. The Six-Day War changes the political climate throughout the Middle East. The codex was written in the 10th century A.D. Ian Punnett was joined by Jerusalem journalist and author, Matti Friedman, who discussed the fascinating and strange journey of a sacred text-- the tenth-century annotated bible known as the Aleppo Codex. The Keter Aram Soba is likely written sometime around this year. Textbooks. In the Aleppo and Leningrad codices, … Scribes in the isolated Jewish community of Kaifeng, who erased erroneous instances of the Tetragrammaton, may not have been familiar with rabbinic strictures. Closeup of Aleppo Codex, Joshua 1:1 Page from Aleppo Codex, Deuteronomy. Rabbi Shemuel Laniado becomes the first of his family to be appointed chief rabbi. Rabbi Yishak Dayan leaves Aleppo, ending the Dayan family’s dynasty. One of the most important ancient Biblical manuscripts, the Aleppo Codex was originally written in Tiberias around 930 A.D. Sign up for history bites, monthly updates, and news about upcoming events at the Sephardic Heritage Museum. It is a great thriller, a fascinating piece of history, a captivating human drama and a beautiful study of religion and politics which will appeal to atheists and the apolitical alike.” By the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. What came next would be known as The Damascus Affair. Epic in its sweep, The Aleppo Codex features a fascinating cast of characters—all of whom claim the codex as their own. The Mahzor Aram Soba is published, preserving the unique liturgy of the Mustarabi community. Aleppo Codex Earliest Complete Manuscript of the Bible by Sarina Roffé . This great book comes closer to containing everything than any book I’ve read in a long, long time.”, “[Friedman] opened a treasure box of history, mystery, conspiracy, and convolutions that would do any biblical thriller proud . The scribes who wrote the Aleppo Codex may have abraded erroneous instances of the Tetragrammaton in order to create a model codex. The consonants in the codex were copied by the scribe Shlomo ben Buya'a in Palestine circa 920. The Keter (Hebrew for Crown) sits in secure temperature-controlled cases on the lower level of the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum and holds a place of honor akin to the Dead Sea Scrolls. It is the first new synagogue to be built in the city in hundreds of years. Four Syrian Jewish girls who try to escape through smugglers are raped and murdered. . When copying and translating an ancient text, the more and older the manuscripts there are to reference, the better. . Aleppo’s Bet Nasi synagogue is constructed. Rabbi David, a direct descendent of the Rambam, travels to Aleppo with the Codex. Jews are prohibited from traveling more than 3 miles from their hometowns. The Aleppo Codex is a manuscript of the Hebrew Bible produced around AD 930 by Jewish scribes called the Masoretes. The text was then verified, vocalized, and provided with Masoretic notes by Aaron ben Moses ben Asher, the last and most prominent member of the ben Asher dynasty of grammarians from Tiberias, rivals to the ben Naphtali school. I wrote a book about this book. The Aleppo Codex In Pursuit of One of the World's Most Coveted, Sacred, and Mysterious Books (eBook) : Friedman, Matti : "Winner of the 2014 Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature A thousand years ago, the most perfect copy of the Hebrew Bible was written. Arab mobs riot and set fire to Jewish synagogues, establishments, institutions and homes in response to the UN plan to partition Palestine. Allepo Codex Date: 10th Century AD Page #: 593 View in the free digital library Details: The Aleppo Codex, the oldest Hebrew Bible in existence today, is so named because it was housed for half a millennium in Aleppo, Syria. The Aleppo Codex has a history that is almost as dramatic as the Biblical events that it recounts. Most people thought it was destroyed in a riot in 1947, but it had been secretly hidden. Jews protest in Damascus, and the news spreads throughout the world. “A superb work of investigative journalism that reads like a detective thriller.”, “The Aleppo Codex could be read as a thriller. It was kept safe through one upheaval after another in the Middle East, and by the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. The codex, also known as the Crown of Aleppo, was written by scribes called Masoretes in Tiberias, Israel, around 930 C.E. Main The Aleppo Codex- A True Story of Obsession, Faith, and the Pursuit of an Ancient Bible. Alyssa Roat Contributing Writer. The lives of the Jews of Syria are further restricted, and many escape to Lebanon. The Aleppo Codex is published in the U.S. by Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill; in Australia by Scribe; in Israel by Kinneret Zmora-Bitan Dvir; in the Czech Republic by Pistorius; in Germany by Verlag Herder; in Holland by Lannoo; in Russia by Text; in France by Albin Michel; and in Korea by Gloseum. Murad Faham was caught smuggling Jews out of Syria, but because he was an Iranian citizen, he was expelled rather than being executed. … A highly readable, deeply engaging, balanced and nuanced pursuit of the facts.”, “[A] relentlessly researched and gripping thriller.”, “Matti Friedman is a stunningly talented writer, a once-in-a-generation discovery. The Aleppo Codex (Hebrew: כֶּתֶר אֲרָם צוֹבָא ‎ Keter Aram Tzova or Crown of Aleppo) is a medieval bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible. What it reveals are uncomfortable truths about greed, state cover-ups, and the fascinating role of historical treasures in creating a national identity. The Aleppo Codex used to be the oldest complete Hebrew manuscript of the Hebrew Scriptures, but sadly a significant portion of it has been lost to us today. These things seemed clear to me, yet when my deadline passed and I finally looked up to find myself staring into the dead electronic eye of the Kindle Fire, I saw that the meaning of "book" had been altered and that I had just spent these years of revolution engrossed in a mirror image of the present. . Sign up for history bites, monthly updates,  and news about upcoming events at the Sephardic Heritage Museum. Friedman also takes us back in time, revealing the once vibrant Jewish communities in Islamic lands. The name Aleppo Codex was given to the manuscript in Tiberias by the scribe Shlomo ben Buya’a and the grammarian Aaron ben Moses ben Asher, a legendary transcriber of Hebrew text. The State of Israel is declared, and Arab nations attack; Jews flee Syria. The codex has long been considered to be the most authoritative document in the masorah (“transmission”), the tradition by which the Hebrew Scriptures have been preserved from generation to generation. The Suez Canal opens, changing trade in the region forever. President Assad allows 2,800 Jews to leave on tourist visas without assets. . It’s a tale that involves secret agents, pious clergymen, obsessive antiquities collectors, and highly placed national figures who, as it turns out, would do anything to get their hands on an ancient book. Matti Friedman’s true-life detective story traces how this precious manuscript was smuggled from its hiding place in Syria into the newly founded state of Israel—and how and why many of its most sacred and valuable pages went missing. The Francos are deported from Aleppo in retaliation for the Italian invasion of Libya. One of the few compelling notations is that the massive codex is the work of one hand. Community leaders feared it could not be kept safe in Syria any longer. author of The Price of Altruism, “Friedman’s writing shines most when he resurrects a time and a place now vanished…We read The Aleppo Codex expecting to be educated about a book lost, but we are captivated by a world lost instead.”, “The Aleppo Codex is one of the books that is a struggle to classify. Read the Aleppo Codex, by Matti Friedman. The Aleppo Codex considers little about the manuscript as manuscript. Published by Algonquin ISBN 9781616202781 Price 10.99 [pounds sterling] paperback In an age when physical books matter less and less, The Aleppo Codex is a thrilling story about a book that meant everything. The restoration of the Great Synagogue begins. Father Tomaso goes missing, and Christians blame the Jews. . Highly recommended.”, “[A] cracking good yarn…Matti Friedman does a masterful job of untangling the puzzle.”, “Friedman creates a riveting story, one that the reader will have a hard time putting down.”, “A beautifully woven tale of epic proportions about a sacred book and its all-too-human custodians. Ben Asher wrote a standard codex (the Aleppo Codex) embodying his opinions. … Friedman follows the trail of the [Codex] pages like a bloodhound.”, 2013 Canadian Jewish Book Award for history, Religion Newswriters Association award for best religion book of 2013. Save on The Aleppo Codex by Matti Friedman. The remaining pages of the Keter Aram Soba are smuggled out of Aleppo by Mr. Murad Faham. The ben Asher vocalization is late and in many respects artificial, compared to other traditions and tendencies re… Highly recommended.” —Paulo Coelho, author of The Alchemist Winner of the 2014 Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature A thousand ye. 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