Isaiah 45:7 “I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the Lord, do all these things.”. But many other Scriptures inform us that God is not evil (1 John 1:5), cannot even look approvingly on evil (Hab. A strict regard should be had to the connection in the interpretation of such passages; and the connection here does not demand such an interpretation. The successes of arms, and the blessings of peace were to be traced to him; and the reverses of arms, and the calamities of war to him also. God has the ultimate knowledge of good and evil (Gen 3:22). Isaiah 45:7 Translation & Meaning. This is all that the connection of the passage demands; and this is in accordance with the interpretation of Kimchi, Jerome, Rosenmuller, Gesenius, Calvin, and Grotius. Isaiah 45:7. #4 “I, the Lord, do all these things.” Isaiah is explaining, per the instructions of God, that what is going to happen to Israel and the world is God’s doing and it is all for a purpose. (n) Connexion, part 1. p. 215. Sure, the Bible recognizes that evil exists. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Man, however, chose to disobey God and commit the first sin, resulting in man’s sin nature. God is in control of all things. He says he blesses some people and in some cases visits judgment on others through disaster or calamity. In the sense that Satan, a being created by God, introduced evil into the world, then ultimately God created the source of evil, as Isaiah 45:7 says. 18:11 and Lam. 3:2). (m) Vid. It was to be traced entirely to God. So God did not originally create sin, evil, etc. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyrus marched his army into the empty channel. 9:1; Lam. I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these, and none else; forming light, and creating darkness; making peace, and creating evil; I, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 45:1-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The Jewish people experienced two major exiles. Jer. I would say yes. It means what it says. God created both the light and the darkness in Genesis 1. Isaiah 45:7 Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things. (Isa 45:7; compare KJ.) In Isaiah 45:7 we are led by the context to understand by darkness and evil the penal judgments, through which light and peace, or salvation, break forth for the people of God and the nations generally. The Holy One is not saying in Isaiah 45:7 or Amos 3:6 that he commits moral evil. The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing peace and creating disaster; I am the LORD who does all these things. When he says it here, he means it to be both literal and symbolic, and his next statement shows that. He originally created a perfect world, perfect universe, perfect angels, and perfect man (Adam and Eve). The fact is that God is the most glorious. But as the prophecy concerning Cyrus closes with this self-assertion of Jehovah, it is unquestionably a natural supposition that there is also a contrast implied to the dualistic system of Zarathustra, which divided … Trust in him and have peace. Evil in the Old Testament. What does Isaiah 45:7 mean to you? Isaiah 45. Isaiah 45:7 – ra‘ = evil. Isaiah 45:7 'EVIL' (RAH) is the Strong's Concordance Hebrew #7451-7455, and Gesenius Hebrew-Lexicon, has many more definitions than provided. "I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, … It’s not about did he create all evil we experience today, but rather before the cross was evil taking place all around in contrast to peace? I the Lord do all these things; and therefore must be the true God, and the one and only one. Isaiah 45:7 —Is God the author of evil? It is God who brings prosperity, light. The first exile was the Assyrian Exile (beginning in 722 B.C. The word ‘God’ is ‘Elohiym’ which is a word in the plural form meaning, Supreme God. 13:17), or harm (Jer. God’s hand works under and through our choices. Isaiah 45:7 "I form the light, and create darkness: I made peace, and create evil: I the Lord do all these things." Some in both realms have rebelled against God, but he has still managed to have his will done and see his sovereign plan through. No passions are more uncontrollable than those which lead to wars; and nowhere is there a more striking display of the Omnipotence of God than in his power to repress the pride, ambition, and spirit of revenge of conquerors and kings: light … darkness—literally (Ge 1:1-3), emblematical also, prosperity to Cyrus, calamity to Babylon and the nations to be vanquished [Grotius] … Isaiah refers also to the Oriental belief in two coexistent, eternal principles, ever struggling with each other, light or good, and darkness or evil, Oromasden and Ahrimanen. The origin of evil lies with humanity. God told Isaiah that He creates evil. Pocock. His enforcing of the penalty for sin, death, has proved to be an evil, or a … 1:13), and cannot even be tempted by evil (James 1:13). Rightly, Jehovah brought evil or calamity upon Adam for his disobedience. God has created goodness. Isaiah 45:7 “I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the Lord, do all these things.” Explanation and Commentary of Isaiah 45:7. Home. To answer the question we must first look at how the word for evil, rah, is used in the Bible, examine the context of the Isaiah 45:7 passage, and look at other passages on the same subject. Good and evil, prosperity and adversity, abound in the world at all times; and all that is required in order to a correct understanding of this passage is the general statement that all these things are under providential direction. There is no thought in the Old Testament of reducing all evil, moral and physical, to a single principle. We must reiterate that Isaiah 45:7 does not teach God created evil. But the Hebrew term rac has a much broader usage. In Isaiah 45:7 we are led by the context to understand by darkness and evil the penal judgments, through which light and peace, or salvation, break forth for the people of God and the nations generally. The Meaning of Jehovah’s Bringing Evil. and which these words show; for Zoroastres, who reformed them in this first principle of their religion, was after Isaiah's time. What does Isaiah 45:7 mean? In Isaiah 45:7, we are looking for a word that contrasts with "peace," or "well-being." In Isaiah 45:7 the context suggests the meaning … This is a hard truth, but God is sovereignly in control of everything, and everything has a purpose for our good and his glory. I form the light, and create darkness. Accordingly, Isaiah 45:7 would be stating that God is the cause of immoral actions performed by sinful human beings. Though Satan and sin have a hand in disaster, God is still sovereign over all of it. This does not mean that all problems or disasters are judgments from God. ), where Assyria forced the ten northern tribes into exile in Assyria. It is a mistake to believe that anytime something happens that we like, it is God working, and anytime something happens that we don’t like, disaster, it is satan. One of the fundamental rules about understanding the Bible accurately is to read a difficult-to-understand verse in its immediate context, as well as in the broader context of the rest of … Isaiah 45:7. Lowth, Jerome, Vitringa, Jahn, and some others, suppose that there is reference here to the prevalent doctrine among the Persians, and the followers of the Magian religion in general, which prevailed all over the East, and in which Cyrus was probably educated, that there are two supreme, independent, co-existent and eternal causes always acting in opposition to each other - the one the author of all good, and the other of all evil; and that these principles or causes are constantly struggling with each other. It can designate moral evil, misfortune (Prov. This chapter is a continuation of the revelation in the previous chapter. That these opinions prevailed in very early times, and perhaps as early as Isaiah, there seems no good reason to doubt (Hyde, de Relig. As a number of scholars have argued, the “light” and “darkness” of this passages refers to “liberation” and “captivity” (as in Isa. Veter. Here in the text translated from the KJV it makes a claim that God Himself creates evil. The Isaiah passage is addressing the future deliverance of the children of Israel out of Babylon (Isa. There are many things that God is doing which we will never know. (h) I send peace and war, prosperity and adversity, as in Am 3:6. It was further the doctrine of the Magians that when the good principle had the ascendency, happiness prevailed; and when the evil principle prevailed, misery abounded. Lowth supposes, that God here means to assert his complete and absolute superiority over all other things or principles; and that all those powers whom the Persians supposed to be the original authors of good and evil to mankind were subordinate, and must be subject to him; and that there is no power that is not subservient to him, and under his control. God created both the light and the darkness in Genesis 1. Specimen Arab. Hebrew words, just like English words, can have more than one meaning, and the correct translation to use depends upon the context in which the words occur. #3 “I bring prosperity and create disaster;” God is here stating explicitly what he said previously. Whenever God allows evil, we can be assured that He has a good purpose and perfect pla… What does this verse really mean? All of it glorifies him. 3:38; Amos 3:6). The Life Application Bible summarizes the essence of the meaning of Isaiah 45:7 in this way: “God is the ruler over light and darkness, over good times and bad times. When he says it here, he means it to be both literal and symbolic, and his next statement shows that. American King James Version × in the King James Version says, "I make peace, and create evil." It was not originated by any inferior or subordinate cause. We are not looking for a word that contrasts with "good." Hence, the definition of the Hebrew word, RA, as calamity or disaster is more likely the correct translation of Isaiah 45:7. But in the context of the whole redemptive story, this is a powerful and good truth. When God created man, i.e., human beings, He gave them free will – … Kimchi, from Saadiah Gaon, observes, that this is said against those that assert two gods, the one good, and the other evil; whereas the Lord is the Maker of good and evil, and therefore must be above all; and it is worthy of observation, that the Persian Magi, before Zoroastres (m), held two first causes, the one light, or the good god, the author of all good; and the other darkness, or the evil god, the author of all evil; the one they called Oromazes, the other Arimanius; and, as Dr. Prideaux (n) observes, "these words are directed to Cyrus king of Persia, and must be understood as spoken in reference to the Persian sect of the Magians; who then held light and darkness, or good and evil, to be the supreme Beings, without acknowledging the great God as superior to both;''. #2 “…and create darkness,” There is no true good without evil. Taken out of context, this is a hard teaching. Clearly, in Isaiah 45:23 it is the LORD God speaking (I, the LORD, speak, Isaiah 45:19). Verse 1. Isaiah 45:7 AMP - The One forming light and creating - Bible Gateway. 45:1–6). It was not the work of chance or hap-hazard. Isaiah 45:7 (KJV) I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things. Also, God is the author of truth and goodness. It is God who creates disaster, darkness. First of all, the Hebrew word for evil, rah, is used in many different ways in the Bible. When good times come, thank God and use your prosperity for him. But God did not create evil. 7 I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the Lord, do all these things. In other words, He could stop any evil but many times chooses not to do so. - AFTB. Isaiah 45:7 “I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.” (KJV) This then seems to create a problem with the logic we have made in looking at the idea of evil and the creation of evil. Does that mean that God is the cause of Evil or that He endorses it? The good being or principle, they call light; and the evil, darkness; the one, Oromasden, and the other Ahrimanen. NIV “I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the Lord, do all these things.”, NLT “I create the light and make the darkness. Isaiah 45:7 in the King James Version reads, “I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.” Initially reading this verse, I am shocked and angered and asking why this is here. These ten tribes are sometimes called the lost I send good times and bad times. But it is good that the most glorious being gets the most glory. The main subject is, the prosperity which would attend the arms of Cyrus, the consequent reverses and calamities of the nations whom he would subdue, and the proof thence furnished that Yahweh was the true God; and the passage should be limited in the interpretation to this design. He is God, and we are not. Persar, xxii.) It was not accomplished or caused by idols. Isaiah 45:7, ESV: "I form light and create darkness; I make well-being and create calamity; I am the LORD, who does all these things." God brings judgment on those who continue to rebel against Him. In Scriptures, Jehovah is referred to as the Creator of evil or calamity. It is good that the one who is the most good is the one who is in charge. He does it all for our good and his glory, which are concepts in partnership. In the KJV Bible, it occurs 663 times. But there is no good evidence that Isaiah here referred to those opinions. #1 “I form the light…” In the beginning, God said, “‘Let there be light’, and there was light” (Gen 1:3). In Deuteronomy 30:15 it is also used and you are given a choice to choose between good and evil. It couldnt be clearer. I, the Lord, am the one who does these things.”, ESV “I form light and create darkness; I make well-being and create calamity; I am the Lord, who does all these things.”, KJV “I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the Lord do all these things.”, NKJV “I form the light and create darkness, I make peace and create calamity; I, the Lord, do all these things.”, Bible Commentary Bible Verses Devotionals Faith Prayers Coloring Pages Pros and Cons, Be Not Drunk with Wine Meaning and Meditation, Even a Child Is Known by His Doings Meaning and Meditation, Washing of Water by the Word Meaning and Meditation, Righteousness Exalts a Nation Meaning and Meditation, 18 Strong Prayers for a New Place to Live, Having Done All to Stand Meaning and Meditation. The context of Isaiah 45:7 is God rewarding Israel for obedience and punishing Israel for disobedience. Isaiah 45:7 The One forming light and creating darkness,Causing well-being and creating calamity;I am the Lord who does all these. As Christians, we must trust God’s plan, work for good, and prove faithful with whatever he gives us. The statement is, that all this was under his direction. God pours out salvation and blessings on those whom He favors. He does everything, controls everything, and does not violate our free will to do it. p. 147, 148. ... Let’s notice that the word ‘Lord’ is literally ‘Jehovah’ which is a word in the singular form meaning, the self-existent One. Isaiah 45 : 7 says that God forms the light and creates the darkness and that He makes success and creates disaster: I form light and create darkness, I make success and create disaster; I am the Lord, who does all these things. Isaiah 45:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 45:7, NIV: "I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the LORD, do all these things." It's a display of God's omnipotence. God is not the originator of evil. He has managed to create beings—heavenly beings, and mankind on earth who have their own volition. God, here, in opposition, asserts His sovereignty over both [Vitringa]. I make peace, and create evil; peace between God and men is made by Christ, who is God over all; spiritual peace of conscience comes from God, through Christ, by the Spirit; eternal glory and happiness is of God, which saints enter into at death; peace among the saints themselves here, and with the men of the world; peace in churches, and in the world, God is the author of, even of all prosperity of every kind, which this word includes: "evil" is also from him; not the evil of sin; this is not to be found among the creatures God made; this is of men, though suffered by the Lord, and overruled by him for good: but the evil of punishment for sin, God's sore judgments, famine, pestilence, evil beasts, and the sword, or war, which latter may more especially be intended, as it is opposed to peace; this usually is the effect of sin; may be sometimes lawfully engaged in; whether on a good or bad foundation is permitted by God; moreover, all afflictions, adversities, and calamities, come under this name, and are of God; see Job 2:10. But, due to free will being allowed by God, The comment of Grotius is, 'Giving safety to the people, as the Persians; sending calamities upon the people, as upon the Medes and Babylonians.' His ways are higher than our ways. Hist. Our lives are sprinkled with both types of experiences, and both are needed for us to grow spiritually. While God does not create evil, as defined by bringing it into existence by His providential work and will, God does allow evil by His permissive will. And what about Jobs words? I make peace - I hush the contending passions of mankind; I dispose to peace, and prevent wars when I choose - a passage which proves that the most violent passions are under his control. God does everything for his glory, and that is a wonderful thing for us. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. “Woe to him who quarrels with his Master” (Isaiah 45:9). 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